Tomatoes are one of the most popular vegetable garden plants . They are relatively easy to grow and are an excellent choice for gardeners with limited space. Each plant has the potential to receive 10 to 15 pounds or more fruits, if proper care given.
Tomatoes are warm season plants that should be planted after all danger of frost over. They require full sun and at least one inch of water per week. The plants prefer well-drained soil with organic matter such as compost amended, humus or other organic substances. Tomatoes are slow feeders and should have an application of a 10-10-10 balanced fertilizer every four weeks for optimal application growth. Put some pine bark or pine straw mulch in around the base of plants to keep two to three inch layer moisture in the soil and to control weeds.
purchasing tomato transplants that are healthy and six to 10 inches in height. Tomatoes can develop roots all along their stems, so they as deep as their first set of leaves work to promote the formation of a strong root system. Trimming it to one or two main stems. Remove all suckers arising from the roots or the node, and cut off all the branches and leaves to touch the ground.
Tomatoes do have a tendency to fall over, especially if they are laden with fruit. Stake the tomato plants with wooden or steel posts, the plants bind to a fence or tomato cages use. Space them at least three feet apart for good air circulation.
Many different varieties of tomatoes are in all sorts of shapes, sizes and colors. Definite Tomatoes as " Celebrity " and "Rutgers," typically grow in a compact bush form. They produce most of their fruit at a time and are favored by gardeners who want a large supply of ripe fruit for canning. Indeterminate varieties are larger in height and fruit constantly wear long the whole season. Examples of these Tomatoes are the varieties " Better Boy " and " Sweet 100 ."
Some varieties have been bred for resistance to various diseases. These plants are not immune to the disease, but are less likely to be infected. The resistance is on the system labeling with these abbreviations: V-Verticillium Wilt, F-Fusarium wilt, N-nematode, TSW Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, T-tobacco mosaic virus. The heirloom varieties are very popular, but most of them lack resistance to diseases that have the newer hybrids. Avoid planting tomatoes in the same place every year. The pathogens and pests have a tendency to build up in the soil over time.
Tomatoes are sometimes harmful insects disturbed . Whiteflies and aphids can be controlled by the application of insecticidal soaps. Caterpillar, when few in numbers tapped the plant. You can also use insecticides such as Sevin, or products such as Dipel or Thuricide treated contain a bacterium, the caterpillar pests specifically targets.
A common disease of tomato blossom end rot is . The fruit is a dark sunken water-soaked area developed at the blossom end. The cause is a low concentration of calcium in the fruits from the plant resulting from stress is often followed by excessive soil moisture due to lack of water. Maintain the soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5 and provide calcium through applications of dolomitic limestone. In order to help keep the soil evenly moist, use mulch and provide even a deep watering once or twice a week.
With proper cultural practices and planting disease resistant varieties are in the production of healthy, tasty tomatoes help the garden during the growing season. They are often the most valuable vegetables; No garden would not be complete without them.
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